[Snort-users] Snort not seeing all traffic

Jimmy Tharel jtharel at ...131...
Thu Feb 12 11:54:49 EST 2009


Initially I thought I had a problem with a rule that I wrote but it appears Snort isn't seeing all of the data coming over the wire.  I wrote a simple rule:

alert tcp <my ip> any <> any any (msg:"Jimmy - Test rule"; classtype:attempted-dos; sid:2000000; rev:1;)

I sent 50 packets across the wire and Snort only picked up 10 of them and alerted.  I had tcpdump running at the same time and it picked up all of them.

I'm currently running 2.8.3.2.  It doesn't look like I'm dropping packets (especially since tcpdump sees the traffic, and the snort output shows very little packet loss), my cpu and memory are not be taxed at all.  Currently I only have the one rule enable plus the preprocessors.  

Does anybody have any idea what could be happening?  If you need any more info I will be happy to share it.

Below are my snort.conf and the output of Snort running for a brief period of time when the 50 packets where sent.

Here is my snort.conf:
var HOME_NET any
var EXTERNAL_NET any
var DNS_SERVERS [10.196.4.1,10.196.4.2]
var SMTP_SERVERS $HOME_NET
var HTTP_SERVERS $HOME_NET
var SQL_SERVERS [10.196.2.102,10.196.2.103,10.196.2.105,10.196.2.132,10.196.2.133,10.185.9.42,10.185.9.43,10.185.9.44,10.185.9.56,10.185.9.57,10.196.2.93,10.196.2.94,10.196.2.137,10.185.9.77,10.185.9.78,10.185.9.85,10.185.9.86,10.185.8.18,10.185.8.19]
var TELNET_SERVERS $HOME_NET
var SNMP_SERVERS $HOME_NET
portvar HTTP_PORTS 80
portvar SHELLCODE_PORTS !80
portvar ORACLE_PORTS 1521
var AIM_SERVERS [64.12.24.0/23,64.12.28.0/23,64.12.161.0/24,64.12.163.0/24,64.12.200.0/24,205.188.3.0/24,205.188.5.0/24,205.188.7.0/24,205.188.9.0/24,205.188.153.0/24,205.188.179.0/24,205.188.248.0/24]
var RULE_PATH /etc/snort/rules
var PREPROC_RULE_PATH /etc/snort/preproc_rules

config disable_decode_alerts
config disable_tcpopt_experimental_alerts
config disable_tcpopt_obsolete_alerts
config disable_tcpopt_ttcp_alerts
config disable_tcpopt_alerts
config disable_ipopt_alerts

dynamicpreprocessor directory /usr/local/lib/snort_dynamicpreprocessor/
dynamicengine /usr/local/lib/snort_dynamicengine/libsf_engine.so

preprocessor frag3_global: max_frags 65536
preprocessor frag3_engine: policy first detect_anomalies

preprocessor stream5_global: max_tcp 8192, track_tcp yes, \
                              track_udp no
preprocessor stream5_tcp: policy first, use_static_footprint_sizes

preprocessor http_inspect: global \
    iis_unicode_map unicode.map 1252 

preprocessor http_inspect_server: server default \
    profile all ports { 80 8080 8180 } oversize_dir_length 500 \
    no_alerts

preprocessor rpc_decode: 111 32771
preprocessor bo

preprocessor ftp_telnet: global \
   encrypted_traffic yes \
   inspection_type stateful

preprocessor ftp_telnet_protocol: telnet \
   normalize \
   ayt_attack_thresh 200

preprocessor ftp_telnet_protocol: ftp server default \
   def_max_param_len 100 \
   alt_max_param_len 200 { CWD } \
   cmd_validity MODE < char ASBCZ > \
   cmd_validity MDTM < [ date nnnnnnnnnnnnnn[.n[n[n]]] ] string > \
   chk_str_fmt { USER PASS RNFR RNTO SITE MKD } \
   telnet_cmds yes \
   data_chan

preprocessor ftp_telnet_protocol: ftp client default \
   max_resp_len 256 \
   bounce yes \
   telnet_cmds yes

preprocessor smtp: \
  ports { 25 587 691 } \
  inspection_type stateful \
  normalize cmds \
  normalize_cmds { EXPN VRFY RCPT } \
  alt_max_command_line_len 260 { MAIL } \
  alt_max_command_line_len 300 { RCPT } \
  alt_max_command_line_len 500 { HELP HELO ETRN } \
  alt_max_command_line_len 255 { EXPN VRFY }

preprocessor dcerpc: \
    autodetect \
    max_frag_size 3000 \
    memcap 100000

preprocessor dns: \
    ports { 53 } \
    enable_rdata_overflow

preprocessor ssl: noinspect_encrypted

output alert_unified: filename snort.alert, limit 128
output log_unified: filename snort.log, limit 128

include classification.config
include reference.config

include $RULE_PATH/local.rules

include threshold.conf

Here is the output of Snort:

un time prior to being shutdown was 28.595880 seconds
===============================================================================
Packet Wire Totals:
   Received:       908053
   Analyzed:       907663 (99.957%)
    Dropped:          380 (0.042%)
Outstanding:           10 (0.001%)
===============================================================================
Breakdown by protocol (includes rebuilt packets):
      ETH: 909784     (100.000%)
  ETHdisc: 0          (0.000%)
     VLAN: 0          (0.000%)
     IPV6: 0          (0.000%)
  IP6 EXT: 0          (0.000%)
  IP6opts: 0          (0.000%)
  IP6disc: 0          (0.000%)
      IP4: 907996     (99.803%)
  IP4disc: 0          (0.000%)
    TCP 6: 0          (0.000%)
    UDP 6: 0          (0.000%)
    ICMP6: 0          (0.000%)
  ICMP-IP: 0          (0.000%)
      TCP: 901746     (99.116%)
      UDP: 3110       (0.342%)
     ICMP: 1007       (0.111%)
  TCPdisc: 0          (0.000%)
  UDPdisc: 0          (0.000%)
  ICMPdis: 0          (0.000%)
     FRAG: 0          (0.000%)
   FRAG 6: 0          (0.000%)
      ARP: 506        (0.056%)
    EAPOL: 0          (0.000%)
  ETHLOOP: 0          (0.000%)
      IPX: 0          (0.000%)
    OTHER: 1294       (0.142%)
  DISCARD: 0          (0.000%)
InvChkSum: 627722     (68.997%)
   S5 G 1: 0          (0.000%)
   S5 G 2: 2121       (0.233%)
    Total: 909784    
===============================================================================
Action Stats:
ALERTS: 10
LOGGED: 10
PASSED: 0
===============================================================================
Frag3 statistics:
        Total Fragments: 0
      Frags Reassembled: 0
               Discards: 0
          Memory Faults: 0
               Timeouts: 0
               Overlaps: 0
              Anomalies: 0
                 Alerts: 0
     FragTrackers Added: 0
    FragTrackers Dumped: 0
FragTrackers Auto Freed: 0
    Frag Nodes Inserted: 0
     Frag Nodes Deleted: 0
===============================================================================
Stream5 statistics:
            Total sessions: 15463
              TCP sessions: 15463
              UDP sessions: 0
             ICMP sessions: 0
                TCP Prunes: 0
                UDP Prunes: 0
               ICMP Prunes: 0
TCP StreamTrackers Created: 15463
TCP StreamTrackers Deleted: 15463
              TCP Timeouts: 0
              TCP Overlaps: 1
       TCP Segments Queued: 8631
     TCP Segments Released: 8631
       TCP Rebuilt Packets: 4075
         TCP Segments Used: 4260
              TCP Discards: 19042
      UDP Sessions Created: 0
      UDP Sessions Deleted: 0
              UDP Timeouts: 0
              UDP Discards: 0
                    Events: 0
===============================================================================
HTTP Inspect - encodings (Note: stream-reassembled packets included):
    POST methods:                   1042      
    GET methods:                    1305      
    Headers extracted:              2342      
    Header Cookies extracted:       821       
    Post parameters extracted:      15        
    Unicode:                        0         
    Double unicode:                 0         
    Non-ASCII representable:        171       
    Base 36:                        0         
    Directory traversals:           0         
    Extra slashes ("//"):           26        
    Self-referencing paths ("./"):  0         
    Total packets processed:        218047    
===============================================================================
SSL Preprocessor:
   SSL packets decoded: 1523      
          Client Hello: 12        
          Server Hello: 24        
           Certificate: 1         
           Server Done: 85        
   Client Key Exchange: 6         
   Server Key Exchange: 0         
         Change Cipher: 108       
              Finished: 0         
    Client Application: 30        
    Server Application: 273       
                 Alert: 9         
  Unrecognized records: 1169      
  Completed handshakes: 2         
        Bad handshakes: 0         
      Sessions ignored: 5         
    Detection disabled: 0         
===============================================================================
Snort exiting


      
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